Pakistan's nuclear program

Nuclear Program

Nuclear program start date: 20 January 1972
First nuclear weapon test: 28 May 1998
Last nuclear test: 30 May 1998 (Chagai-II)
Largest yield test: 25–40 kt in 1998
Total tests 6 detonations
Peak stockpile estimated: 165 warheads (2021)
Current stockpile estimated: 165 warheads (2021)
Maximum missile range 2750 km (Shaheen-III)
NPT signatories?: No

Arms control proposals

Pakistan has over the years proposed a number of bilateral or regional non-proliferation steps and confidence building measures to India, including:

  • A joint Indo-Pakistan declaration renouncing the acquisition or manufacture of nuclear weapons, in 1978.
  • South Asian Nuclear Weapons Free Zone, in 1978.
  • Mutual inspections by India and Pakistan of each other's nuclear facilities, in 1979.
  • Simultaneous adherence to the NPT by India and Pakistan, in 1979.
  • A bilateral or regional nuclear test-ban treaty, in 1987.
  • A South Asia Zero-Missile Zone, in 1994.

India rejected all six proposals.

Disarmament policy
Pakistan has blocked negotiation of a Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty as it continues to produce fissile material for weapons.
In a recent statement at the Conference on Disarmament, Pakistan laid out its nuclear disarmament policy and what it sees as the proper goals and requirements for meaningful negotiations:

  • A commitment by all states to complete verifiable nuclear disarmament;
  • the discrimination in the current non-proliferation regime;
  • the relationship of the three ex-NPT nuclear weapon states with those who are NPT signatories;
  • new issues like access to weapons of mass destruction by non-state actors;
  • -discriminatory rules ensuring every state's right to peaceful uses of nuclear energy;
  • , non-discriminatory and legally binding negative security assurances to non-nuclear weapon states;
  • need to address the issue of missiles, including development and deployment of Anti-ballistic missile systems;
  • existing international instruments to prevent the militarisation of outer space, including development of ASATs;
  • the growth in armed forces and the accumulation and sophistication of conventional tactical weapons.
  • the UN disarmament machinery to address international security, disarmament and proliferation challenges.
  • has repeatedly stressed at international fora like the Conference on Disarmament that it will give up its nuclear weapons only when other nuclear armed states do so, and when disarmament is universal and verifiable. It rejects any unilateral disarmament on its part